How do you pronounce Ojibwa?
[ Before You Purchase a Yorkie]
[ What is a Pedigree? ] [
Papers & Quality ]
[ What does having a Ch mean? ]
[ I want a Teacup Yorkie ] [ Tri-Colored
Shunt ] [ Luxating
Patellas ] [ L'egg
decided to own a purebred dog, you should try to find
the best available specimen of the breed. Many sources
offer purebred puppies and dogs for sale, but locating
the best source requires time and research. Local
pet stores will often carry several popular breeds.
These dogs often come from backyard breeders or puppy
mills, and are not in the best state of health, nor
are they from the best possible breeding lines. Your
local newspaper will also run advertisements for purebred
puppies. Careful research may prove a few of these
to be well bred, healthy animals which will make good
pets. The majority, however, are likely the result
of backyard breeding by neighbors looking to make
a small profit.
do you pronounce Ojibwa?
is pronounced .
The Anishinabe, commonly referred to as the Ojibwa
or the Chippewa, ascribed their appearance on this
continent to an act of creation.
end any confusion, the Ojibwa and Chippewa are not
only the same Indian tribe, but the same word pronounced
a little differently due to accent. If an "O"
is placed in front of Chippewa (O'chippewa), the relationship
becomes apparent. Ojibwe is used in Canada, although
Ojibwe west of Lake Winnipeg are sometime referred
to as the Saulteaux. In United States, Chippewa was
used in all treaties and is the official name. The
Ojibwa call themselves Anishinabe (Anishinaubag, Neshnabek)
meaning "original men" .
more information on the Ojibwa Indians visit my Rose's
Native American web site at http://www.edwards1.com/rose/native
you purchase your yorkie.
following are a list of important things to know before
you purchase a new puppy:
believe a yorkie should be at least 12 weeks old before
going to a new home. Some would say they can go younger,
and some puppies probably can; but 12 weeks puts you
past the fragile first few weeks, and past the fear/imprint
period, and seems to me to be about as young as they
should go. Be wary of anyone who will sell you a yorkie
puppy under 12 weeks of age.
sure that you purchase your puppy from the actual
breeder - not someone selling puppies for someone
else. This is called a broker, and many times puppies
from a broker come from puppy mills. Pet stores that
sell yorkies fall under the category of brokers. Pet
stores are one of the main reasons puppy mills are
able to remain in business.
Don't buy the first puppy you see. Try to visit several
breeders and see their puppies. Ask lots of questions.
Then you will be prepared to make an informed decision.
This is the hardest to do, when you see there little
faces you just want to take them home. But you will
be better off in the long run if you don't buy the
first one you see. Who knows but after talking with
with several different breeders you may decide to
buy that first puppy, great but you know that is the
good breeder will be willing to stand behind their
dogs 100%. They will guarantee their health and be
willing to replace the puppy if something goes wrong.
They want to be called when there are problems, they
want to know if something is showing up in their lines
and that needs to addressed. If you find a breeder
like this, you have most likely found a good one that
truly cares about the dogs they are breeding.
you decide on a new puppy, plan to pick the puppy
up on a day when you can take the new puppy straight
to your vet for an exam before taking the puppy home.
That way, if something is wrong you can return the
puppy right away before you get attached. If you can't
take them to the vet the same day, wait a few days
for the puppy to settle in and then take them, any
good breeder usually gives you at least a week to
arrangements with your vet to have your pet spayed
or neutered as soon as possible. I prefer to have
them spayed or neuter between 6 to 9 months of age.
By spaying or neutering you are increasing the length
of your pet's life by eliminating the risk of many
types of cancer. A long time ago people thought that
they should let female dogs come in season once before
they are spayed; this is no longer the case. Most
vets agree that this is unnecessary. The younger a
male dog is neutered the more likely that he will
not lift his leg and mark territory in your house.
This can be very messy, but can also be prevented
by neutering at a young age.
is a Pedigree?
simply, a pedigree is a record of the ancestors of
your Yorkshire Terrier. This would start with the
father (sire), the mother (dam), grandsire, granddam,
great-grandsire and so on. Every dog, purebred or
not, has a pedigree. To most pet owners a pedigree
is meaningless. To those that show in confirmation
and have a rigid breeding program, an accurate pedigree
becomes quite valuable to the information it can provide.
main function of the American Kennel Club and other
similar registries is to do just that- keep track
of a dogs ancestry in a reliable and accurate manner.
For a registration fee, the AKC will record the name
of your Yorkshire Terrier and pedigree information.
The AKC registration certificate (papers) you received
means that your Yorkie's information is kept on file
in the AKC's records. For $30.00 will provide you
with a certified pedigree. There are other pedigree
services that do the same thing for far less of a
fee and they gather their information to prepare the
pedigree from stud books sold by the AKC for that
AKC records the name you choose for your Yorkie to
be registered (30 characters or less and no duplicate
names). This certificate will show the color, sex,
parentage, date of birth, breeder and owner and any
titles the dog has won in AKC-sanctioned shows. When
applying for registration, AKC relies on breeders
and owners to be honest. This is very important. If
the breeder of your Yorkie has given the AKC false
information, the pedigree on your Yorkie may not be
correct. Unfortunately, it's almost impossible for
the AKC to verify all this information individually,
although the AKC is striving for better accuracy with
the recent use of DNA testing. Unless you personally
know and trust the breeder, you really have no way
of knowing if your Yorkie is really the one recorded
on his registration papers. (This information
was paraphrased form the Maltese Only home page)
dog that meets AKC's requirements for registration
may be registered and receive "papers".
The papers do not tell you if the Yorkie is of good
quality or if it really is or even looks like what
a Yorkie is supposed to be. All it can tell you is
that your dog is registered with them as a Yorkshire
Terrier and that its records are on file. Many people
misunderstand this very important point. Many poor
quality Yorkies not bred to the standard are AKC registered.
You can't judge the quality of your Yorkie from looking
only at his or her registration papers or pedigree.
When puppies are whelped and the breeder registers
the litter with the AKC, they in turn will send a
puppy application paper for each puppy in the litter.
When the time comes, the breeder will sign the puppy
over to the buyer, who then can optionally register
that individual puppy in his name for a fee of $12.00
and is sent a registration certificate back usually
within 3 weeks with their name and their chosen name
of the Yorkie. Cost of litter registration to the
breeder is now $25.00 plus $2.00 for each puppy in
registration means that the parents of the Yorkshire
Terrier were registered as Yorkshire Terrier or it
could also mean that an unethical breeder lied or
was mistaken about the breeding that produced the
litter. Registration itself is neither a guarantee
nor even an indication of quality. This is why reputable
breeders are have all their dogs, both female &
male DNA certified. Every sire (male) producing seven
or more litters in a lifetime or producing more than
three litters in a calendar year must be
'AKC DNA Certified.'
one examines the parents or the puppies to see if
they really qualify to be registered as Yorkshire
Terrier, and the AKC has to depend on breeders to
be honest when applying for a litter registration.
Some unethical breeders apply for registration forms
for puppies that have died or were never born, and
they then use these certificates on puppies of doubtful
parentage. Others will buy unused registration papers
at local flea markets for about double what they cost
the breeder originally.
complicate matters further, a female Yorkshire Terrier
can be impregnated by different male dogs during her
fertile cycle and if the dogs are not watched closely
some puppies in the litter may have different fathers
than other puppies of the same litter. In kennels
where males and females of different breeds typically
run together, mixed breed puppies can and will be
registered as purebred if they look close to what
the breed should look like. This is not uncommon with
puppy mills or breeders who have several breeds, and
has led these breeders to be investigated by the AKC
and later to be DNA tested to prove parentage when
the puppy has grown from looking like a Yorkshire
Terrier into an adult looking like a Poodle. At that
point, the AKC, at their discretion, might investigate
and might revoke the litter registration if the puppies
or adult dogs do not have the appearance of a Maltese
or do not pass the DNA testing done by their inspectors.
With this in mind, you now know that a pedigree can
only tell you what the breeder told the AKC as to
who the ancestors were - it can't tell you if they
were of good quality, bad quality, what they looked
like or whether they had inherited health or temperament
problems, had a history of heart disease or liver
shunts. It won't tell you any of this.
you purchased your Yorkshire Terrier for a companion
pet, you probably aren't concerned about finding out
more about his or her family. If you intend to breed
or show your Yorkshire Terrier, however, getting accurate
information about his or her background can be very
important. You'll need to do much more than just look
at the names on its pedigree. To find out more about
the Yorkshire Terrier in a particular pedigree, you
should visit the breeder to see the sire and dam.
The breeder should be able to tell you where to find
the grandparents as well.
get more information on the Yorkshire Terrier further
back in the pedigree, you might try to find reliable
books and magazines about the Yorkshire Terrier breed.
(Sources I recommend are available
by clicking here) Pictures can only tell you part
of the story. You need to talk to those people who
have firsthand knowledge of what the ancestors of
the Yorkshire Terrier in question were really like.
a Registered Champion Yorkshire Terrier of exceptional
is the abbreviation for champion. If you look at a
pedigree these are the ones usually written in red.
The more red, the better the Yorkie-right? Not necessarily.
An AKC Champion Yorkshire Terrier is one that has
defeated enough other Yorkshire Terrier at their sanctioned
shows to win the required number of points to achieve
the title. The required number of dogs and bitches
to be defeated varies with each breed and district
which State the show is held in (for more information
on showing your dog visit Lacy's
Place in Cyberspace).
can be easier to become a champion in some breeds
more than others. Is a Champion Yorkshire Terrier
of exceptional quality? Sometimes but not necessarily.
A Champion Yorkshire Terrier is only as good as the
Yorkshire Terrier competition at the particular show
that day when they won the points.
closing, a pedigree is a tool to help breeders produce
better Yorkshire Terrier. It's just piece of information
to be used as a starting point for research. A pedigree
by itself really doesn't mean much unless one knows
what the other Yorkshire Terrier in the pedigree were
really like. To a pet owner, look at the Yorkshire
Terrier. If its the look and temperament you're after
and the Yorkshire Terrier is healthy and the breeder
is reputable, go for it. If its a show potential Yorkshire
Terrier you're after, the pedigree and papers should
and will be much more meaningful to you. (This
information was paraphrased form the Maltese home
want a Tea Cup Yorkie
is no such thing as a tea cup yorkie (Micro Mini,
Teenie, or any other name that means “extra
small), this is used by some people to differentiate
between the size of the dog. This came about because
people used this in describing poodles. But in Yorkshire
terriers there is only the AKC standard requiring
that they be under seven (7) pounds. No one can sell
you a yorkie that is a tea cup. All breeders may occasionally
have an unusually small Yorkies, though no responsible
breeder breeds for this trait. Many breeders prefer
a general weight range of 4-7 four pounds believing
that size retains desired Toy
qualities while maintaining optimum health.
then, do so many breeders advertise teacup Yorkies?
Here are two possible reasons:
Some unscrupulous breeders advertise teacup Yorkies
to take advantage of those people who are not very
familiar with Yorkies. By telling someone that they
are getting a "teacup", they make the buyer
feel that they are getting something special and charge
you more. As stated above, a standard Yorkshire terrier
must weigh no more than 7 pounds.
Sadly, there are people out there breeding Yorkshire
terriers who simply aren't knowledgeable enough about
Yorkies to know that there is no such thing as a "teacup".
average, Yorkshire terriers weigh between 5 and 7
pounds as adults. There are, of course, smaller Yorkies
born that will weigh less. Most Yorkshire terriers
that you see participating in the show ring tend to
be 6 to 7 pounds. A dog weighing 3 to 4 pounds is
considered small and often requires special care.
Dogs this small should not be handled by children
expect under strictly controlled conditions.
Biewer or Tri-Colored Yorkie is an extremely rare
or exotic dog breed, Not
They are a mixed breed of dog that started in Germany.
I think ordinated around the early 2000's. They are
not recognized by the American Kennel Club.
mutts cost big bucks.
dogs, once flooded the U.S. animal shelters, are now
being sought by an increasing number of Americans
looking for special pooches. Deliberately bred and
given cute fancy names, today's special-order mixes
have newfound status -- and a purebred price tag.
"When there were a bunch of them around and
a lot of them were in the shelter, you'd call them
mutts," said Stephen Zawistowski, science
advisor at the American Society for the Prevention
of Cruelty to Animals, about the popular mixes that
used to accidentally appear. (Excerpted
they make great pets, as all mutts do, but purposely
breeding more mixed breeds is just irresponsible.
So why are breeders breeding mutts? Most of the breeders
are doing it for the money involved. The latest money-making
trend is the promotion of mixed breeds with official-looking
"registration papers" and catchy-sounding
names. The "registrations" come from a growing
industry of registry services, each willing to issue
documents for a few dollars a pop. (Excerpted
your homework before you buy your puppy and don’t